The emigration of Friulians to Germany and Austria

Between the 19th and 20th centuries Austria and Germany were the destinations par excellance for emigrants from Friuli. The processes of industrialization, the opening of the huge hydraulic and railway sites, the development of the big urban centres across the Alps deeply changed the “traditional” mobility of the modern age. The winter migrations of the peddlers (cramari) and the textile workers from Carnia were replaced by the new “seasons” of Friulian builder labourers who went firstly to nearby Austria (Carinthia, Styria and the Tyrol) and, from 1890, to Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, where they found work mainly in furnaces.